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Specialists indicate that expectant mothers should use the drugs offered by physicians during pregnancy and warn that medication without physician’s offerings may cause spell trouble.

Gülay Özgön, MD (geneticist and pharmacologist) says that; “Laxatives, soporofic drugs, anti-anxiety agents, pain-killers and aspirin should not be used without physicians’ supervision. Drugs should not be used if you can help it, in very deed.”

Gülay Özgön, MD states that developments in clinical pharmacology cause fears of drug utilization during pregnancy may spell trouble and unpredictable results. She says that;

“This fear normally restricted experimental studies during pregnancy and caused current information that we have now to be limited by only experiences.

For instance; it is differently interpreted which drugs and dosage should be chosen in cases that require medication like hypertension, epilepsy, asthma and bacterial infections. Studies and examinations show that; antibiotics is in the first place in drug utilization ranking during pregnancy. The followings are; analgesics, anti-anxiety agents, nausea and vomitig preventors.

When referring risks of drug utilization during pregnancy, period of the pregnancy should be considered, too. Because drug activity depends on the different periods of pregnancy. For example; in the first 3 months, fetus’ organs are formed and it is a period that abnormalities occur severely. But following periods, drugs do not cause effects as severe as they do in the first 3 months, they mostly affect growth and development.”

REASONS CAUSING ABNORMALITIES IN NEWBORNS

Gülay Özgön, MD states that even in developed countries, abnormalities could be seen in 2% of all births. She explains that;

“In additon to genetic reasons, in utero infections, chronical diseases of expectant mother (diabetes, epilepsy), alcohol/drug addiction of expectant mother or exposure to radiation, also some drug utilizations may cause giving birth to a disabled child.

Previously disabled baby birth in family or recurrent abortus increase the risk. These families should carefully supervised in pregnancy period. The medications that expectant mother takes affects fetus via navel cord and placenta and cause adverse effects in fetus’ tissues. Studies show that; every drug do not pass through the placenta evenly.

The reasons are; fat-solubility of the drug, capacity of the mother to attach the drug to proteins in blood, mother’s and placenta’s speed of metabolisation of the drug. Even if percentages of drugs’ pass through the placenta are not known, due to individual differences drug dosage transferred to fetus is not exactly known.”

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